Saturday, October 19, 2013

Business Data Security Guidelines

Business Data Security Guidelines


John Kyriazoglou*


A business data security policy and related procedures should include protection controls and measures that cover the following issues:

1. Comprehensive due diligence of all critical staff, including external parties (outsourcing, external suppliers, sub-contractors, etc.). 

2. Authentication of all customers.

3. Non repudiation and accountability for all on-line transactions.

4. Segregation of duties.

5. Authorization controls.

6. Business data, transactions, records and information integrity.

7. Transactions audit trails.

8. Information confidentiality.

9. Appropriate disclosures for organizational services.

10. Data privacy.

11. Business continuity and contingency planning.

12. Security and other crises incident response planning.

13. Access controls: encryption, passwords, password control devices, tokens, user authentication devices, anti-hacking tools/techniques, digital signals origin identification, anti-tapping tools/techniques.

14. Data confidentiality.                              

15. Data integrity.

16. Anti-virus and e-crime detection software.

17. Time stamping.

18. Biometrics.

19. Digital signatures.

20. Smart cards.                            



John Kyriazoglou (

John Kyriazoglou, CICA, B.A (Hon-University of Toronto)

International IT and Management Consultant, author of several books

SSRN Free Publications:



The Beauty of Number 147

The Beauty of Number 147

By John  Kyriazoglou*

The maxims of the Oracle at Delphi (Maxims of Delphi), the most famous religious location of Greece for over 1000 years were made up of very brief quotations (two to five words) full of wisdom and moral values. The subject matter they deal with varies from religious faith, to obedience to law, how to treat friends, how to behave in a just manner, education, country, way of life, happiness, etc.


These maxims, 147 in total, were inscribed in the frontal columns at the temple of the god Apollo, at the Oracle of Delphi. They were copied on single marble tablets and were transported to all parts of the Ancient Greek World, as the writing on paper or on parchment was not known at the time.

It should be noted that these 147 maxims of Delphi embodied the complete universe of values for the ancient Greeks. The number 147 equals 3 times 7 times 7 (or 3x7x7). The meanings of numbers in the ancient Greek world were quite important.

Number 3 represents divine perfection, and in Pythagorean terms completion. 

Number 4 represents the whole creation, as there are 4 seasons in a year, 4 winds, 4 directions, 4 elements (fire, water, air and , earth), etc.

Number 7 is the combination of 3 and 4, and represents the universe. Also Apollo’s lyre (musical instrument) had 7 strings, there were 7 sages, etc. In Pythagorean terms 7 is a cosmic number with 3 of heaven and 4 of the world. Number 147, being 3x7x7, represented all divine values for all universes (a universe of a universe).

Most, if not all, of these maxims (e.g., ‘Follow God’, ‘Obey the law’, ‘Worship God’, ‘Respect your parents’, etc.) have been attributed to the seven sages of Ancient Greece: Thales, Pittacos, Bias, Solon, Cleovoulos, Periandros, and Chilon, who are also credited of having their own quotations, as well. For a full list of these maxims, quotations and sayings see my book ‘Pearls of Wisdom of the 7 Sages of Ancient Greece’ at Amazon.

Ethical maxims and quotations play a significant role in shaping our every-day life and social interactions with others, as they embody simple rules to memorize and follow and thus make our life easier as they provide a level of assurance that we are doing the right and accepted thing.

These Oracle of Delphi maxims and the quotations and sayings of the Seven Sages cover all areas of living, such as:

1. Religiosity (faith, worship, religious behavior, God, praying, etc.),

2. Governance (protect home country, society, laws, ruling),

3. Managing Property (wealth, protection of self and property, profit, finance, etc.), 

4. Principles, Virtues and Values for Association with Others (friendship and love, peace and hate, anger, justice, honor, goodness, murder and vice, wisdom, mercy and forgiveness, and happiness),

5. Personal Skills (self-control, efficiency, effectiveness, hope, fortune, etc.), 

6. Knowledge, Education and Training, and

7. Family, Values and Conduct in Life (marriage, family, wife, children and parents, conduct and virtues during life, and death).


How all of these can support and help you improve your life is described in detail in my book ‘Pre-Classical Greek Wisdom for a Better Life’, available at:

*John Kyriazoglou, CICA, B.A (Hon-University of Toronto, Canada)

Greek-Canadian Author, Business Thinker, and Management Consultant